Majority of prescribed postoperative opioids remain unused, says study

Majority of prescribed postoperative opioids remain unused, says study

Prescription opioids dispensed to patients for combating pain after shoulder surgeries largely remained unused and were stored carelessly, a recent study published in The JAMA Network has found. The March 2017 report says that such a practice paves the way for opioid abuse and can lead to serious addiction, mortality and morbidity.

The team of researchers from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Maryland, Baltimore carried out an exhaustive review of databases like MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from the beginning until October 18, 2016, for picking up studies in which opioids were oversupplied for adults subsequent to a surgical procedure for pain alleviation. Read more

Sleep medications: Long-term use of Ambien leads to addiction

Sleep medications: Long-term use of Ambien leads to addiction

An inability to fall asleep can happen to anyone and would have plagued everyone at some point in their life. The reasons could be many ranging from the pleasant, such as excitement to the unpleasant such as marital discord or simply due to too much caffeine. In chronic cases of sleep disorder, medical practitioners recommend the sedative-hypnotic known as Ambien to patients, which is the brand name of the sleep-inducing medicine zolpidem. Read more

Factors that pose risk for opioid addiction

Factors that pose risk for opioid addiction

The widespread use of opioids in the United States is affecting not only the people’s mental health but also the economic health of the country. Incidences of opioid dependence are rising as such medications continue to be prescribed to people complaining of chronic pain. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 183,000 people have died from overdoses related to prescription opioids in the United States between 1999 and 2015. Read more

Identifying the signs of OxyContin addiction

Identifying the signs of OxyContin addiction

OxyContin is administered as a drug to regulate pain. This narcotic analgesic has been a hot topic for over two decades due to the public health controversies it had raised. As a highly potent drug, OxyContin is misused by many and is said to have contributed to the rise in drug abuse in the United States.

Due to the epidemic of prescription painkillers that has devastated American citizens in the recent years, there has been an increased crackdown by the law enforcement agencies on OxyContin. It dissuaded many patients with chronic pain from using the drug due to the fear of developing an addiction and health care providers deterred from writing prescriptions for the drug due to the fear of losing their license and credibility. Read more

Long-term health hazards of prescription drug abuse

Long-term health hazards of prescription drug abuse

When efforts were directed to curb the rise in illicit drug epidemic, prescription drugs, meanwhile, sneaked into the U.S. society, especially prompting college students, women and elderly population develop a gradual inclination toward such drugs, which soon turned into an addiction. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), nearly 2 million people in the United States are suffering from painkiller use disorder. Prescription drugs that are abused widely in the U.S. include painkillers (OxyContin, Vicodin) and stimulants (Adderall, Ritalin). Read more

Differences between Adderall IR vs. XR

Differences between Adderall IR vs. XR

Adderall is a combination drug that contains amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, the central nervous system stimulants that affect chemicals in the brain and nerves contributing to hyperactivity and impulse control. Used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the drug works by changing the amounts of certain natural substances in the brain. Read more

Tranquilizer Abuse – 3: Sleeping pills

Tranquilizer Abuse – 3: Sleeping pills

Tranquilizers act as a central nervous system (CNS) depressants and lead to a state of “tranquillity,” that is, a state of calmness, relaxation and self-control. Tranquilizer drugs are beneficial for those suffering from severe mental health issues or those susceptible to depression, insomnia and high anxiety levels. Read more

Cough and cold medicines commonly abused by teens

Cough and cold medicines commonly abused by teens

Teenage years are often considered to be the most challenging period of one’s life since this is the age when children are increasingly exposed to negative influences such as drug abuse. Some of the teens, probably use drugs just for having fun or, sometimes, due to peer pressure, but, many others get habituated to drug use, which leads to an addiction. Addiction is a chronic condition characterized by an inability to stop using drugs in spite of the detrimental effect on a person’s life and health. Read more

Tranquilizers abuse––2: Barbiturates

Tranquilizers abuse––2: Barbiturates

Tranquilizers are highly addictive central nervous system (CNS) depressants which can cause problems such as memory loss, loss of balance, severe allergic reactions, etc. Tranquilizers are a class of drugs used to relax the body and help people sleep. Barbiturates are sedative-hypnotics that are often prescribed to stimulate sleep and reduce anxiety or depression. They act on the CNS by suppressing its activity. Barbiturates enhance the activity of a neurotransmitter called gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) by binding to the GABA-receptor/chloride channel. Read more

Tranquilizers abuse–1: Benzodiazepines

Tranquilizers abuse–1: Benzodiazepines

Doctors prescribe tranquilizers to patients suffering from extreme fear, nervousness, worries, anxiety, tension and other associated mental disturbances. The most commonly prescribed tranquilizers include benzodiazepines, thioxanthenes, butyrophenones, phenothiazines, clozapine and rauwolfia alkaloids. Read more