The widespread use of opioids in the United States is affecting not only the people’s mental health but also the economic health of the country. Incidences of opioid dependence are rising as such medications continue to be prescribed to people complaining of chronic pain. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 183,000 people have died from overdoses related to prescription opioids in the United States between 1999 and 2015.
Health records of people who have died due to opioid addiction or are receiving treatment reveal important risk factors that need to be taken into consideration while designing and executing necessary plans aimed to deal with the menace. Some risk factors have been listed as under:
- Hereditary traits: Genetic makeup playing a role in understanding the proclivity of a person to indulge in addictive substances, including prescription medicines, cannot be ignored. Having a parent or both parents abusing pain relievers can make some people more inclined to abuse opioids themselves.
- Prior substance abuse: Prior experience of abusing substances make it difficult for some people to abstain altogether from using any kind of drug owing to the withdrawal symptoms. Tendency to relapse or consume drugs for a temporary feeling of high may cause people to misuse opioids too. Personal history of illicit drug use or excessive consumption of alcohol strongly predicts potential of opioid abuse later.
- Environmental influences: The kind of environment one is raised has a lot to do with the choices one makes regarding profession or drugs inclusive of analgesics. Being brought up in conditions where drug use is common increases the risk of people abusing drugs themselves, resulting in prolonged dependence. At times people start abusing opioids, which, later transcends into misusing illicit substances depending on cost and ease of availability. Also, seeing one parent or both the parents abusing prescription opioids may create curiosity in the minds of teenagers to try out opioids, which can cause dependence in the long run.
- Unattended emotional issues: Disturbances in the mind, if ignored, may snowball into major cases of depression and anxiety. This may cause such people to self-medicate by taking opioids in an attempt to gain relief from the burden of anxiety. Impulsive personality may also contribute to some people behaving wayward resulting in them abusing prescription opioids.
- Pain severity: Feeling of pain is one of the foremost reasons resulting in risk of abusing opioids. Extreme pain is treated by opioid drugs such as Vicodinor OxyContin. Low pain tolerance in some people results in them overdosing on opioids to get the necessary relief. Apart from providing the necessary relief from pain, opioids also lend a feeling of high to such patients. Long-term overdose increases the tolerance level of the person towards opioids, which results in unbridled abuse and aggravates the risk of addiction.
- Demographic factors: Age, gender, race and place are all important factors that affect opioid abuse. Studies have indicated young white men are more inclined to abuse opioids than others. The young are more likely to be diagnosed with problems pertaining to misuse of prescription pain relievers. This revelation stems from observations of most people afflicted with prescription drug use disorder to be young, while the percentage of disorder decreases with age. Also, women have been found to be more inclined to abusing drugs as a means of self-medication to the emotional issues they face in their daily lives.
Seeking recovery from opioid addiction
There is an imperative need to understand that recovery is a lifelong process with relapse being common manifestation of the severe problem of addiction. As a result, it is important to enroll in a holistic treatment plan that includes medication-assisted treatment, psychotherapies, experiential therapies like yoga, meditation etc. and recovery management.
If you know someone who is battling prescription drug abuse, contact the Florida Prescription Addiction Helpline to get information about the state-of-the-art prescription drug rehab centers in Florida. Call at our 24/7 helpline number (866)-292-3211 or chat online with our representatives for further information about the finest prescription drug rehabilitation facilities in Florida.